„Vreća kostiju nije pravda”: Prinudno nestajanje i svedočenje u romanu „Anilin duh” Majkla Andačija

Danijela Lj. Petkovic

Апстракт


Četvrti roman Majkla Andačija Anilin duh kritičari gotovo univerzalno smatraju njegovim „politički najambivalentnijim delom“ (Marinkova 2011: 1). Ovo je relativno blaga formulacija: u stvari, od trenutka pojavljivanja romana 2000. godine i Anilin duh i njegov autor optuživani su za estetizaciju terora, za apolitične poglede, za nelagodni diskurs ljudskih prava i za izbegavanje razmatranja pravih razloga za građanski rat u Šri Lanki, kako sumira Vendi Neper (Muhleisen and Matzke eds 2006: 45–6). Cilj ovog rada svakako nije da odbrani Andačija pobijanjem svake od ovih optužbi pojedinačno; ipak, on nudi interpretaciju romana koja implicitno dovodi u pitanje makar neke od ovih tvrdnji. Mada roman nedvosmisleno iskazuje razuverenje u oružanu političku borbu, on jeste politički angažovan u smislu da nepokolebljivo istražuje državni teror i njegovo oružje, prinudno nestajanje: još više kada je reč o prikazivanju etičkog svedočenja (naročito nasuprot legalnom). Pošto se radnja romana eksplicitno dešava u stvarnom „političkom vremenu i istorijskom trenutku” (Ondaatje 2001:2), ove teme razmatraju se u okviru istorije državnog terora i otpora njemu, s jedne strane, i kritika etičkog svedočenja, s druge. U romanu Anilin duh, baš kao i u istorijskim primerima, i državni teror i svedočenje neodvojivi su od torture, te se rad oslanja naročito na uvide Ejveri Gordon, Ilejn Skeri i Dženifer Balendži, da bi potkrepio tezu da Andačijev kliničko-poetski fokus na tela izložena bolu i smrti u uslovima državnog terora neizbežno pobuđuje empatiju i otpor kod čitalaca/gledalaca/svedoka. Upravo je u tim složenim reagovanjima najizraženiji politički potencijal svedočenja.


Кључне ријечи


Telo; prinudno nestajanje; žaljenje; pravda; zakon; državni teror; mučenje; svedok.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.21618/fil1716324p

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